#FitnessFacts: FAT

-Believe it or not, fat is a nutrient! It is crucial for normal body function and without it we could not live.

-Fat plays a vital role in insulating body organs, maintaining body temperature, promoting healthy cell function, maintaining healthy skin and hair, and even preventing disease.

-Another of the main purposes of fat is as a source of energy- the body can pull on its fat reserves and convert it into glucose.

-But too much reserve fat can definitely be unhealthy! Excess fat can negatively affect many of the body’s processes, including digestion, respiration, circulation, and even brain function.

-Large amounts of excess fat can lead to many types of lifestyle disorders & diseases, including low energy, low self esteem, joint, muscle, & nerve pain, asthma, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, heart attack and even death.

-There are many foods that increase your body’s storage of fat, including carbs, sugars, & alcohol. Limiting intake of these can be lead to increased fat loss.

-The human body creates fat storage from excess calories. Excess calories are calories that have been consumed and not burned through daily living and exercise.

-To burn excess fat, you must burn more calories than you consume. The best way to do this would be to eat a low calorie nutritionally balanced diet and exercise at a challenging intensity for at least 30 minutes 4-6 days a week.

-1 lb of fat = 3,500 calories. An average individual can healthily burn fat at a minimum rate of 1-2 lbs/week by creating a deficit in daily calorie intake + burn. To burn 2 lbs/week (7,000 cals), create a 1,000 cal/day calorie deficit.

-There are many online and mobile resources to track calorie intake & burn! From websites, phone apps, food logs, pedometers, or even wrist or arm bands, there is an abundance of ways to monitor calories and track fat loss.

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